History 282/682, Modern Architecture
Week 5, Class 1
Walter Gropius and the Bauhaus
Eric Mendelsohn, Einstein Tower, Potsdam, Germany, 1920-1924
Schocken Department Store, Stuttgart, Germany, 1928
Schocken Department Store, Chemintz, Germany, 1928
Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer, Fagus Shoelast Factory, Alfeld, Germany, 1911-1912
Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer, Werkbund Exhibition Building, Cologne, Germany, 1914
Lyonel Feininger, Cathedral of Socialism, from Bauhaus Program, 1919
Bruno Taut, Glass Chain
Arbeitsrat für Kunst or AFK, meaning Work Council for Art
AFK manifesto, 1919
"Art and people must form a unity.
Art shall no longer be the enjoyment of the few but the life and happiness of the masses.
The aim is the alliance of the arts under the wing of a great architecture."
Grand Ducal School of Arts and Crafts, Henry van de Velde
Grand Ducal Academy of Fine Art
Bauhütte or medieval lodge
Walter Gropius, "Program of the Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar," 1919: "Artists, sculptors, painters, we must all return to the crafts! Let us then create a new guild of craftsmen without the class distinctions that raise an arrogant barrier between craftsman and artist! Let us desire, conceive, and create the new structure of the future, which will embrace architecture and sculpture and painting in one unity and which will one day rise toward heaven from the hands of a million workers like the crystal symbol of a new faith."
Vorkurs or preliminary course
Walter Gropius, Adolf Sommerfeld House, Berlin, 1920-1921
Theo van Doesburg, Composition VIII, 1918
De Stijl or The Style
Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer, project for the Chicago Tribune Building, 1922
Lázló Moholy-Nagy, Composition, 1921
Lázló Moholy-Nagy, Light-Space Modulator, 1923-1930
Bauhaus exhibition, "Art and Technology: A New Unity," 1923
Walter Gropius, Idea and Construction, 1923
"The old dualistic world concept which envisioned the ego in opposition to the universe is rapidly losing ground. The Bauhaus believes the machine to be our modern medium of design and seeks to come to terms with it."
Georg Muche and Adolf Meyer, Haus am Horn, Weimar, Germany, 1923
Alma Buscher and Eberhard Schammen, building block game, 1924
K. J. Jucker and W. Wagenfled, table lamp, 1923-1924
Walter Gropius, Bauhaus, Dessau, Germany, 1926
Oskar Schlemmer, Bauhaus Staircase, 1929
Walter Gropius, Gropius and Staff Houses, Dessau, Germany, 1926
Marcel Breuer, Wassily Chair, 1926
Mariannne Brandt, Ceiling Light, 1927
Iwao Yamawaki, The Attack on the Bauhaus, photomontage, 1932
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe